Lab 9: Structural Geology Part I

Lab Structure

Assignment Yes – take-home mapping assignment
Required materials Tracing paper, pencil, pencil crayons, ruler, printed Sheep Mountain map area base image

Learning Objectives

After reading the information in this chapter, and completing the exercises within it, you should be able to:

  • Visualize topographic contours in Google Earth and review the concepts of topographic maps presented in Lab 8.
  • Visualize layers of rocks as planes in three-dimensional space, in areas of variable topography.
  • Recognize and describe different units of rock in satellite imagery and on geological maps.
  • Understand the significance of the information presented on a geological map.
  • Understand the concept of dip and dip direction of inclined strata.
  • Use the three-dimensional capabilities of Google Earth Pro to identify dip direction of inclined strata.
  • Estimate dip direction of inclined strata in map view using the Rule of V’s.
Key Terms
  • Strata
  • Planar
  • Contact
  • Cardinal direction
  • Ordinal direction
  • Contour lines
  • Dip
  • Dip direction
  • Lithology
  • Unit
  • Map scale
  • Formation
  • Group
  • Member
  • Bed
  • Rule of V’s


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A Practical Guide to Introductory Geology Copyright © 2020 by Siobhan McGoldrick is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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